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  1. Freight All Kind (FAK) definition
  2. Sizes of standard multimodal sea freight containers
  3. Variety of services offered by Ocean Freight International Transportation Companies
  4. Potential additional cost due to U.S. Customs (CBP) random inspections

1. Freight All Kind (FAK) definition

Unless provided otherwise in an individual Service contract "Freight All Kinds or FAK" shall consist of all cargo of any kind EXCLUDING:

1) Cargo moving in tank or special equipment,

2) Hazardous cargo,

3) Refrigerated cargo,

4) Shipment with one of the following commodities declared on Bill of Lading : Aircrafts, NOS, Boat NOS, Vehicles, NOS, Wearing Apparel, NOS, Garment, NOS, Audio and Video Equipments, NOS, Toys, NOS, Fashion Accessories, NOS, New or Used personal effect, Home decoration, Novelty items, Giftware, Houseware, Home improvement items, House supplies , House , Household goods , Promotional items, Catalog merchandise, Plastic Products or Plastic Goods or Plastic ware , Metal , Metal ware , Metal product or Metal goods

5) Any commodity listed in below: Restricted comm. is Subject to possible restriction, quantity limit, or specific stow/block/brace requirements for OPERATION Department review and acceptance.

  • Automobiles/self propelled vehicles, USED & NEW
  • Automobiles, crushed hulks
  • Automobiles part or vehicle component , except comm declared on B/L as "new auto parts in cartons & boxes" (Commodity declared as new auto parts in crates or in pallets is under restricted commodity)
  • Aircraft, set up or in pieces or parts or components
  • Air flite training aids, devices, or electronics
  • Ammunition Class C
  • Animals or carcasses
  • Asbestos or asbestos scrap
  • Asphalt (asphaltum)
  • Batteries, used or for scrap or reclamation
  • Bulk agri NOT bagged or palletized
  • Bulk bakery product waste
  • Bulk bladder shipments, dry or liquid
  • Carbon blacks
  • Chassis, bogies, or flatbeds, stacked
  • Cigarettes, EXCEPT in 6-mil plastic lined equipment
  • Coil Metal
  • Copper cathodes
  • Counterweights and cylinders
  • Creosote or creosoted materials
  • DDG's (Dehydrated Distilled Grains)
  • Dimensional high/wide loads
  • Dump carts, trailers, or wagons
  • Firearms
  • Fish scrap or meal
  • Hazardous Materials , Hazardous Waste , Waste material , Poisonous / Toxic Inhalation Commodities
  • Hides, pelts, skins
  • Household goods / Antiques / Personal effects
  • Houses, buildings, or prefab building sections
  • Iron oxide slurry residue
  • Lime sludge or waste
  • Marine vessels, i.e., ships, boats, lauches, canoes
  • Metal Scrap, unless baled/bundled/palletized/drummed
  • Motor vehicles, new & used/titled
  • Natural Christmas trees, evergreen
  • Nuclear materials, substances, or waste
  • Pipe , Metal
  • Polychlorinated biphynyl
  • Precious metal or stones/articles made from
  • Property of extraordinary value, i.e., currency, stamps
  • Radioactive materials
  • Railway wheels
  • Paper in roll
  • Rolling Mills
  • Rubber shavings or turnings

 

2. Sizes of standard multimodal sea freight containers

There are three common standard lengths of multimodal sea freight containers used by international transportation companies:

  1. 20-ft (6.1 m), 
  2. 40-ft (12.2 m) and
  3. 40-ft High Cube (12.2 m)

The maximum gross weight of multimodal sea freight containers:

  • for a 20 ft (6.1 m) dry cargo container is 30,480 kg and
  • for a 40-ft (including the 2.87 m (9 ft 6 in) high cube container), it is 34,000 kg.

Allowing for the tare mass of the container, the maximum payload mass is therefore reduced to approximately:

  • 28,380 kg for 20 ft (6.1 m), and
  • 30,100 kg for 40 ft and 40HC (12.2 m) containers.

For more information related to multimodal sea freight containers used by international transportation companies refer to this link in Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intermodal_freight_shipping_container

 

3. Variety of services offered by Ocean Freight International Transportation Companies

If you intend using Sea freight service from an International Transportation Company, then, form the very beginning, it is very important to understand, which Sea Freight service would be appropriate for your International shipment by sea.

You should separate and do not confuse Ocean Freight services:

  • Parcel Service
  • LCL Sea Freight Service
  • FCL Sea Freight Service
  • Service from International Moving Companies
  • Shipping vehicles overseas in containers or RO-RO

PARCEL SERVICE

If you ship considerable small cargo, less than 0.3 cubic meters ( ~ 10 cubic feet) of total volume, then most likely using a parcel service possible on your sea freight shipment should be more cost-effective.

Shipping cost with parcel service will be calculated based on weight of your shipment. In order to simplify, your may determine your shipment with an International Transportation Company that offers a parcel service if you can handle your shipping unit (box) by hand. I.e. the weight does not exceed 40-60 kilos (100 lbs).

AMID Logistics, LLC does not offer parcel service at this time.

LCL SEA FREIGHT SERVICE

LCL is the acronym for Less than Container Load. When you use an LCL Seafreight service you share a multimodal ocean freight container with other shipper.

LCL ocean freight service is appropriate for shipping smaller cargo (a larger box, numerous of boxes, pallets, crates etc) that not sufficient to fill an entire 20-ft multimodal ocean freight container with the Cubic Capacity 33 cubic meters (or 1,165 cubic ft).

Unlike with parcel service, in LCL Sea freight shipping cost, in general, will be calculated based on volume of cargo but not weight. I.e. in LCL ocean freight weight of cargo is not a pricing factor.

Using of LCL ocean freight service would be appropriate for shipments with the total volume up to 12 – 16 cubic meters (500 cubic feet). However, in certain circumstances LCL ocean freight service would be appropriate to ship even bigger volume.

FCL SEA FREIGHT SERVICE

FCL is the acronym for Full Container Load. When you use an FCL Seafreight service you rent space of entire multimodal sea freight container (most of the time 20-ft or 40-ft containers).

International Transportation Companies (Freight Forwarders, NVOCCs, VOCCs) that offer FCL Ocean freight service will provide to shipper an entire multimodal sea freight container(s) no matter how big shipped goods are. The only limitation is that it must fit in the container and its weight does not exceed the payload.

However, with FCL Ocean freight service, shippers are totally responsible for loads and securing cargo in containers delivered by International Transportation Companies to a place of loads. 

SERVICE FROM INTERNATIONAL MOVING COMPANIES

Unlike using services from International Transportation Companies, when use service from International Moving Companies, International Moving Companies would provide complete service on an international shipment by sea including loads and securing cargo in containers.

As a rule service from International Moving Companies used on shipping Household Goods for relocation overseas.

Services from International Moving Companies are convenient but costly. For example: cost on shipping an entire seafreight container with an International Moving Company may double, triple or even more than shipping cost on FCL seafreight offered by an International Transportation Company (Freight Forwarders, NVOCCs, VOCCs).

SHIPPING VEHICLES OVERSEAS IN CONTAINERS OR RO-RO

If an international shipment from the USA contains a motor vehicle, i.e. any motorized vehicle that requires DMV (U.S. Department of Motor Vehicles) registration (auto, motorcycles, mopeds, jet skis, ATV’s), then the exporter must be prepared to complete special U.S. Customs formalities related to shipping motor vehicles.

In general it is the title(s) formalities that must be completed with U.S. Customs at a seaport of departure.

That means that exporter (or International Transportation Company on exporters behalf) must submit title(s) on exported motor vehicles to the U.S. Customs prior to the shipment and get it validate by Customs. I.e. in general the Customs must validate that vehicles leaving U.S. Commerce Zone are not stolen and there is no lean on it.

Without U.S. Customs authorization motor vehicles will not be allowed to the export. All charges and fees that may occur on delay of shipping motor vehicles due to improper shipping documents provided to U.S. Customs are on exporters account.

 

4. Potential additional cost due to U.S. Customs (CBP) random inspections


Please be informed of potential additional cost that may occur on FCL ocean freight shipments due to U.S. Customs (CBP) random inspections. New seals and admin charges are for the account of the cargo.
 
 
Customs (CBP) and U.S. Coast Guard will select FCL seafreight containers on terminals for random inspections. There is usually very little (if any) advance notice. The shipping terminals (container yards) will advise steamship lines of the new seal numbers after the inspections are done. Freight charges occured due to the U.S. Customs (CBP) random inspections are on account of shipper.

 

 
 
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